For travelers and tourists who intend to visit the country, the weather in Bulgaria is perhaps one of the most important factors. How could you plan when to go and what part of the country to visit without having the slightest idea of Bulgarian weather?
To locals like me, weather may be mostly a matter of small talk (and regular complaints because believe it or not, we like to complain about the weather too), but I’ve noticed that during my travels, weather information is one of the first things I check before I depart or even plan a journey. To help fellow visitors, kashkaval tourist prepared this all-year guide to the weather in Bulgaria.
In a nutshell: the key Bulgarian weather facts
Bulgaria is not a huge country even by European standards, so weather variations between the different regions are usually no more than 6-7 °C. That is if you exclude the high reaches of the mountains, where the altitude makes it dramatically colder.
Bulgaria’s climate is a combination of continental and Mediterranean influences, which means the country has four quite well-defined seasons (spring, summer, autumn and winter) and temperatures vary dramatically in different times of the year. In general, you can expect summers to be quite hot and dry and winters to be snowy and freezing, with spring and autumn providing a transition between the two.
The warmest parts of Bulgaria are in the southwest, where the Mediterranean climate effects in the valleys are particularly strong. The seaside has a mild subtropical climate heavily influenced by the Black Sea’s presence. The plains and lowlands in the north and south experience continental weather (with the south usually a bit warmer) and the mountains are known for their Alpine climate conditions.
To give you an idea: the highest temperature ever recorded in Bulgaria is 45.2 °C, while the lowest record stands at −38.3 °C. That’s a staggering difference of 83.5 degrees!